Let’s know that, who was Abhimanyu?
Abhimanyu was born to Arjuna and Subhadra. We know that Subhadra was Krishna’s sister. Therefore, he and was the nephew of Lord Krishna. Abhimanyu’s death was one of the events that affected most of us deeply. Especially to those, who all grew up watching the Mahabharata on television sets? At his death at a tender age in the battle of Kurukshetra, he was married to the princess Uttara. She belonged to the Matsya Kingdom.
Why did Abhimanyu die?
To almost of us, his death seems unfair till date. Why they killed him? Why couldn’t Lord Krishna who guided Arjuna to achieve victory in the battle, save him? He had no need to die at such a young age, and that too in such a horrible manner?
The art of Chakravyuha
Same as the Pandavas, Abhimanyu was trained in all forms of warfare by Lord Krishna and Arjuna. He was later trained by Pradyumna, the sons of Krishna. While he was in his mother, Subhadra’s womb, he had learned the art of breaking into the Chakravhyuha. However, he was not able to hear the entire information, that how to get out of the battle formation – the Chakravyuha.
Arjuna and Subhadra’s conversation
In the womb, Abhimanyu heard the conversation about the Chakravyuha. While his father Arjuna, was narrating the same to his mother, Subhadra. He heard the conversation up until the art of breaking into the Chakravyuha. Unfortunately, he did not get any further information that how to destroy the formation once inside it. This happened because Lord Krishna came and took Arjuna away.
Dronacharya’s plan to end the Pandavas
On the day thirteen, Droncharya, the supreme teacher of the Kaurava’s camp. Planned to separate Arjuna and Krishna. To chase a smaller part of their army that was sent towards the Dwarka side. At the same time, 90% of their remaining army regrouped into a huge disc-like formation, that is the chakravyuha. This would cause huge loss to the Pandavas. Also, if the Kaurava army continued walking at high at which they were heading, there would be no Pandava army left by sunset.
Reason behind Abhimanyu’s death
As a teacher, friend, and guide to Arjuna, definitely, Lord Krishna could help save Abhimanyu’s life? Yes, he could have but he didn’t. Here is why he did not go ahead in saving his life. It is said that Abhimanyu was the reincarnation (another appearance) of Varchas, the son of the Moon God. When the Moon God agreed for his son to take birth on the Earth by the Devas. He put forward a condition that his son would remain on earth only for 16 years. As he would not be to remain separated from him any longer. Hence, this was the reason for the short lifespan of Abhimanyu.
Krishna’s plan for Abhimanyu
The limited years Abhimanyu’s life was known to Shri Krishna. So, he allowed Abhimanyu to overhear the conversation between Arjuna and Subhadra. But up till entering or breaking into the Padma Vyuha or Chakravyuha. Before understanding the full working required to destroy and force stop the Chakravyuha. Krishna called Arjuna to him. So, that Abhimanyu could not get the full knowledge regarding this thing.
Why Abhimanyu had to die
Abhimanyu’s death was unstoppable but was necessary also. This is because Shri Krishna wanted Arjuna to be full of fire against the Kauravas. And fight with them with a feeling of revenge. Arjuna was confused as he did not want to fight with his own cousins. He did not want to fight his elders, grandfathers, and gurus. Hence, this was the master plan of Shri Krishna.
Jayadrathan’s part in Abhimanyu’s death
When Abhimanyu entered inside the Chakravyuha. Jayadrathan, who was the ruler of Sindh, stopped the entry of any other Pandava. So none was able to enter the formation. Also, once he had been disrespected by the Pandavas earlier. He performed a tough meditation and sought Shiva’s blessing. Due to which he could make any army single-handedly but without Arjuna and Krishna. Therefore, he trapped Abhimanyu.
Abhimanyu caused a great loss and suffering to the Kaurava army before he sacrificed himself. He defeated Drona, Kripa, Salya, Ashwatthama, Duryodhana, Bhurisrava and Dussasana. He also killed Salya’s son Rukmaratha, Duryodhana’s son Lakshmana, Kritavarma’s son Matrikavata and many other. Now only Karna was left who could overpower Abhimanyu. However, he could only do so taking away the weapons, bow, and arrows of the young warrior. In the end, Abhimanyu was killed very harshly.
The turning point in the Mahabharat
Turned very angry over his son’s violent death, Arjuna killed Jayadrathan with his holy arrow. As planned by Shri Krishna, he knew that Abhimanyu’s death would act as a turning point in the war. And it would be in the Pandava’s favor. Up until Abhimanyu’s death, the Pandava’s did not fight with their full strength. Also, by killing Abhimanyu, the Kauravas gave a major blow to the law and code of the Mahabharat war.
Ill feelings between Abhimanyu and Shri Krishna
In different version and tales of mythology, Abhimanyu’s death was linked with that Shri Krishna’s was his enemy. In the previous birth. He was at that time Abhikasura, a demon(asura). Abhikasura was associated to Raja Kansa(the evil uncle of Shri Krishna). As an Asura, he did all possible things to break damage on Krishna.
Abhikasura promised to kill Krishna when Shri Krishna defeated and killed Kansa. As Krishna was almighty himself, he was aware of Abhikasura’s plans. So he wove a magic around him and protected himself. As a result, the demon turned into an insect and was locked in a box. When Subhadra was married to Arjuna, the same box was accidentally opened. And the insect managed to travel Subhadra’s womb. This is how Abhimanyu’s birth took place.
Arjuna’s sadness over Abhimanyu
Krishna was aware of this that definitely Arjuna would become sad on his son’s death. Therefore, he prepared the grounds for Abhimanyu’s death. By letting him die on the battlefield. The Chakravyuha led to a successful formation leading to a perfect plan. Arjuna blamed Krishna for his son’s death at a point. But when Krishna narrated the entire story of Abhikasura and the son of Moon God. Arjuna understood that Krishna had to let the evil source come to an end. In order, to assure peace and safety on this Earth.