Chiranjeevi : The seven undying Lords of Hindu Mythology, Part 2

 

After getting answers to questions like, “who are Chiranjeevi ?”. Collecting knowledge about the first two undying or immortal beings. Aswathama and King Mahabali from part-1. Here is the Part-2 which explains the other two Chiranjeevi.

Description of each Chiranjeevi: 

3) Vyasa:

Vyasa is one of the main and respected characters in most of the Hindu traditions. He is also called Veda Vyasa. Which means the one who arranged the Vedas in four parts. His original name is Krishna Dvaipayana.

Veda Vyasa was a great Rishi born in the later age of Treta Yuga. Who has been said to have lived through the Dvapara Yuga and also in the present Kali Yuga. He was the son of Satyavati. She was the daughter of the fisherman Dusharaj and the traveling sage Parashara. Who is the author of the first Purana called as Vishnu Purana.

The is said to have a lifetime of this Manvantara or till the end of this Kali yuga. Veda Vyasa is considered as the writer of Mahabharata and the Puranas. Vyasa also wrote the eighteen major Puranas. His son Shuka(Suka) is the narrator of the major Purana(Bhagavat-Purana). Shuka is also the one who divided the Vedas into other four parts. This division was very helpful and allowed people to understand the divine knowledge of the Vedas. The word Vyasa means separation or explanation. It can also be said so that Veda Vyasa was not just one person but a group of learned people. They used their knowledge working on the Vedas.

Vyasa fathers his children: 

Vyasa is known as the author of this epic. But something unique is that Vyasa as an important character in it. His mother later married the King of Hastinapura and was blessed with two sons. Both the sons died without any major reason. So their mother asked Vyasa to go to the beds of the wives of her dead son ‘Vichitravirya’.

Vyasa fathered the princess called Dhritarashtra and Pandu. Each of them with Ambika and Ambalika. Vyasa told them that they should not come with anyone near him. First Ambika came, but because of being shy and having a fear she closed her eyes. Vyasa told Satyavati that this child would not be able to see, he will be blinded. Later this child was named Dhritarashtra.

Therefore, Satyavati sent Ambalika and warned her that she should keep the peace. But Ambalika’s face became yellowish because of fear. Vyasa told her that child would have anemia(a disease of blood). So he would not be healthy enough to rule over a Kingdom. Later this child came to be known as Pandu. Then Vyasa told Satyavati to send one of them again so that they receive a healthy child. This time Ambika and Ambalika sent their maid in the place of themselves. The maid was peaceful and calm, and she got a healthy child and later named as Vidura. While these are his sons, another son was Suka. Born to his wife, who was sage Jabali’s daughter Pinjala (Vatika). He is considered as his true spiritual successor.




Lord Ganesh and Vyasa:

In the Mahabharata(first book), it is said that Vyasa asked Ganesha to help him in writing the text. Ganesha applied a condition that he would do so only if Vyasa narrated the story without taking a break. To this condition, Vyasa put a condition that Ganesha must understand the text before he explained it.
Thus Lord VedVyas spoke about the whole Mahabharata. Also about all the Upanishads and the 18 Puranas, while Lord Ganesha wrote about it.

The separation of Vedas is the literal sense of Veda Vyas. Being widely believed that he was a single being. There is always a Veda Vyasa present, who lives through one Manvantara. It means a time period in older Hindu mythology. So he is immortal throughout this Manvantara.
Veda Vyasa is said to live a life of a saint. He is believed to be still alive and living among the living Human beings till the end of this Kali Yuga.

A celebration of Guru Purnima:

The Guru Purnima festival is dedicated to him. Guru Purnima is celebrated in India and Nepal.  It is celebrated to honor the spiritual and academic teachers, where love, respect, and thanks are given to them. It is also referred as VyasaPurnima. As it is the day of both his birthday and the day he divided the Vedas. The festival is celebrated on the full moon day (Purnima) in the Hindu month of Ashadha. This day marks the beginning of the lunar cycle after the completion of the solar cycle.

4) Hanuman:

Hindu god, Hanuman was a great devotee of Lord Ram(Rama). He is a major character in the epic Ramayana and its various chapters. He is also mentioned in several other texts, including the Mahabharata, the various Puranas, and some Jainism texts. As a vanara (monkey), Hanuman supported Rama in the war against the Daitya(demon king) Ravana. Several pieces of texts also present him as an image of Lord Shiva. Hanuman is the son of Kesari, and at some places described as the son of Vayu, who in some stories, played a part in his birth.

It is said that once Hanuman, as a child, mistaken the sun to be a ripe mango. He tried to eat it, but unknowingly he disturbed Rahu’s plan of forming the solar eclipse. Rahu (it is one of the planets) told this incident to the Leader of Devas, that is Lord Indra. Filled with anger, Indra (The God of Rain) threw Vajra(his weapon) at Hanuman and his jaw shifted from its position. In return, Vayu (God of Wind), Hanuman’s father, directed all the air from Earth. On seeing the human beings subjected to death, all the lords showered Hanuman with many blessings. So that the Wind Lord could be calmed. Therefore, one of the most powerful individuals was born on Earth.

Blessings that different Lords gave Hanuman:

Lord Brahma’s blessings:

  1. Freedom and protection:

    The strength and power to stop the being of any war weapon, which could cause physical damage.

  2. Domination power:

     Power to produce fear in the hearts of enemies and destroy terror in the hearts of              friends. This is the reason why all the ghosts and spirits are afraid of Hanuman.

     So reciting his prayer is a shield against any evil forces to any human being.

  1. Changing of size:

    High ability to change the body size but keeping its percentage same. This power helped Hanuman in lifting the huge Dronagiri mountain and to go in the Ravana’s Lanka.

  2. Ability to fly:

    He also had a capability to fly beating the gravity.

Lord Shiva’s blessings:

  1. Long life:

    He has blessed a long life. Even people in this present date, say about physically seeing Hanuman with their own eyes.

  2. Supreme Intelligence:

    It is believed that Hanuman was able to shock Lord Surya with his great wisdom and knowledge within seven days.

  3. Long distance flying power:

    This is an addition of what Brahma gave him. This blessing gave Hanuman an ability to cross even the vast oceans in a single fly.

While Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva were showering blessings on Hanuman, other Lords also gave him some little blessing.

Lord Indra – gave him safety from the dangerous Vajra weapon.

Lord Varuna- gave him safety against water.

Agni- blessed him with safety from fire.

Surya– gave him the power to change the form of his body, it is called as shape-shifting.

Yama- made him immortal(undying) and made death fear of him.

Kubera-gave him happiness for the lifetime.

Vishwakarma- blessed his powers to save himself from all deadly weapons.

Vayu- blessed him with higher speed than of his own.

When Lord Rama, Hanumana’s devoted Lord was leaving this Earth. He asked him if he wants like to come. As an answer, Lord Hanuman requested Rama that he would like to stay back. Till the time the name of Lord Rama is taken by the people of the Earth. Therefore, Lord Hanuman is said to still be alive on this planet yet his location is unknown.

A number of religious teachers have said about seeing Hanuman over the of the centuries. Madhvacharya in 13th century CE, Tulsidas in the 16th century, Samarth Ramdas in the 17th century, Raghavendra Swami in the 17th century and Swami Ramdas in the 20th century.

Swaminarayan is the founder of the Hindu Swaminarayan group. He holds that other than worship of God through the process of  Narayana Kavacha. Hanuman is the only God who could be worshiped during the disturbances caused by the evil spirits. Others have also felt his presence wherever the Ramayana is read. The below shloka says for Hanuman : “ Bend down to Hanuman, who kills the demons. Who is always present with head down and tear full eyes wherever the songs in praise of Rama is sung.”

Read :

Chiranjeevi : The seven undying Lords of Hindu Mythology, Part 3

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